The members of the Institute are active in a number of areas of applied and basic research. They address various problems in astronomy, astrophysics, space physics, solar physics, ionospheric and magnetospheric physics, Earth observation via ground based and space-born remote sensing. In addition, there is expertise in advanced wireless communication and signal processing techniques which can be used in sophisticated data analysis techniques. The institute also supports and operates and develops instruments for the 2.3m Aristarchos telescope.
More specifically the basic research areas of the institute are the following: